Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that develop to guard that area from pressure and irritation. They will occur when something like a shoe puts pressure against the foot continuously or causes excessive pressure against part of the foot. It is known as a callus typically if the thickening of skin happens on the bottom of the foot. If thickening happens on the top of the feet or toe it's usually called a corn. Having said that, there is a great deal of overlap between a corn and a callus. They're not contagious but could grow to be painful when they become too thick. In people with diabetes this may lead to more serious foot conditions, so they really have to be taken seriously.
Corns typically happen where a toe rubs on inside of the footwear or there is a toe deformity. Excessive pressure on the balls of the foot, that is common in females who often wear high heels could cause calluses to develop under the balls of the foot. Those with particular deformities of the foot, for example hammer toes, claw toes, or hallux valgus are prone to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses usually have a rough dull looking appearance. They are often raised or circular and without correct analysis, they could be difficult to distinguish from plantar warts. Should you have a corn or callus that is causing pain and discomfort or interfering with your everyday living then it is perhaps best if you see a podiatrist. This is certainly a lot more crucial for those who have diabetes or poor circulation. The podiatrist is going to conduct a thorough check-up of the feet and your footwear and look at the way you walk to find out exactly why you have got the corns and callus. For minor corns or calluses they could suggest changing your shoes and use padding in your shoes. If they are more substantial, then the podiatrist may reduce them with a scalpel to cautiously and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Additional treatments may be required if the corn or callus come back.